The federal government may designate a national corridor in Southern California to "facilitate relief of transmission congestion." A Department of Energy report called Southern California a "critical transmission" area in its first National Electric Transmission Study released August 8. A close second is the Bay Area - deemed a "congestion area of concern." To ameliorate transmission congestion, the federal government can draw on its "backstop" authority provided by the 2005 Energy Policy Act to override state siting rights in order to get transmission lines built (Circuit, June 16, 2006). Southern California "is critically important to remedy existing or growing congestion problems because the current and\/or projected effects of the congestion are severe," noted the study. For the Bay Area, "large-scale congestion problems exist or may be emerging, but more information and analysis appear to be needed to determine the magnitude of the problem and the likely relevance of transmission expansion and other solutions."