Gov. Candidates Mark Energy Policy Territory Slashing greenhouse gas emissions while expanding renewable supplies, conservation, and clean-energy technology development are key parts of California's two Democratic gubernatorial candidates' energy platforms. Phil Angelides and Steve Westly, however, distinguish themselves from each other - and the governor - by their level of professed commitment and specifics. Both candidates responded in part to a list of energy policy questions submitted by Circuit that was followed up with numerous calls. State Treasurer Angelides provided specifics, while State Controller Westly's responses were far less detailed. The two politicians, who hope to beat Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in November, support mandatory caps on greenhouse gas emissions and a carbon dioxide trading program. They both back AB 32 - legislation by Assemblymember Fran Pavley (D-Woodland Hills) that would set a carbon dioxide ceiling to reduce global warming emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. Several months ago, Westly pushed for California to become the first state in the country to comply with the Kyoto Protocol, which required cooperating nations to slash their CO2 output. The two Democratic officials slammed the Bush administration and Republican-led Congress for thwarting fossil-fuel reductions and efforts to address climate change. They added that Schwarzenegger's green rhetoric has not been matched with requisite investments. Controller Westly called for a 20 percent cut in fossil fuels by 2015 and 40 percent by 2025 last July in Utah. His campaign staff referred Circuit to that speech for energy policy details. "California will move beyond the age of fossil fuels," Westly said nearly a year ago. Angelides proposes a "Clean California Plan," which aims to reduce fossil-fuel use in the transportation and energy sectors by 25 percent in 10 years. The treasurer stated that if elected governor, he would "work to expand the state's portfolio of renewable electricity with the goal of exceeding the Energy Action Plan's target of 33 percent by 2020." "California must simplify its process for procuring renewables and provide performance-based incentives for a variety of technologies, including wind, geothermal, and solar, not just for electricity but also for water heating and air conditioning," Angelides added. The two Democratic competitors pledged to make considerable investments in clean-energy technologies. Angelides is calling for a private-public partnership to make renewable energy supplies more accessible and affordable - "the environmental equivalent of President Kennedy's Apollo Program to send a man to the moon." He also urges that $1.5 billion be invested in alternative technology and fuels and energy efficiency. As proof of his commitment, he pointed to his "Green Wave" initiative launched in February 2004, which calls on California's pension funds to invest in nontraditional power sources "to earn strong refunds for the funds, create jobs, and improve the environment." The California Public Employee Retirement System, the country's largest pension fund, and its sister agency, the California State Teachers' Retirement System, announced last year that they were investing hundreds of millions of dollars in the clean-power and energy-efficiency market. CalPERS committed to investing $750 million, while CalSTRS committed $250 million. Angelides has been a CalPERS board member since 1999. Wesley has sat on the CalPERS board since 2003. Angelides was also one of the five board members of the California Power Authority, which was created during the 2000-01 energy crisis to create additional power supplies. It was disbanded by Schwarzenegger in 2004. Westly, whom polls show leading Angelides, provided only limited responses to specific policy questions. "To the maximum extent possible," he stated, "supply adequacy should consist of renewable resources and clean technology." Angelides and Westly both stress the need for increased energy efficiency. An Angelides administration would "push utilities to make efficiency and demand reduction the first source of their unmet needs and emphasize conservation and rate policies to reduce peak load," decreasing reliance on expensive peaking power units. In addition to supporting the loading order adopted by the California Public Utilities Commission, he would push for "aggressive" water conservation to curb use of that limited resource and save energy. About 20 percent of the state's power is used by the water sector. "The lightbulb may have gone out in Washington, but it's lighting up across the country," Westly said in last summer's speech on conservation. At the time, he said the state needed to build a $500 billion clean-energy market. "Every printer and fax should be Energy Star-approved." He quipped, "All California governors are limited to one Hummer apiece." As for energy agency reorganization, Westly believes that streamlining the entities is needed and "the policy direction of the state [should be] unified." That is achieved, he stated, through consensus-driven policy developed in consultation with stakeholders to develop a more fair and efficient regulatory scheme. To whom it should be fair and how to create regulatory efficiency were not addressed. Angelides did not address the subject of energy agencies.